VINEYARD AND TERROIR - Cantina Giba
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VINEYARD AND TERROIR

Immersed in a territory well known for its wine-making, Cantina Giba currently has 20 hectares divided between the picturesque ungrafted vines in front of the sandy seashore of Porto Pino beach, those at Is Muras and Calasetta, all the way to the expanses of Sant’Anna and Masanais. The Carignano del Sulcis DOC is the champion of the area. It’s a native grape variety with probable Spanish origins, introduced to Sardinia during the Aragonese domination in the 1300’s. In Spain it is called Carinena and in France Carignan. Its colour, alcohol content and structure make it an excellent wine for blending. The most recent vines, trained using the controspalliera (counter-espalier) method and characterized by the greater attention to quality, are what led to the recognition of the DOC Carignano del Sulcis denomination. It’s a vigorous vine, that produces steadily and abundantly. Although it’s not very resistant to cryptogams, in particular powdery mildrew, it is very resistant to the cyclic salt winds and cold spring weather, making it a vine that can grow well on the coast. Its resistance to phylloxera is incredible; a characteristic that means, in some areas, grafting is not necessary and therefore allowing it to be ‘piede franco’ (ungrafted). Besides the Carignano, the land in Giba also represents a particular expression of the Sardinian Vermentino, a very fine white grape variety which is mainly cultivated in Liguria, Tuscany and, indeed, in Sardinia. Outside of Italy it is found in southern France; in the Languedoc-Roussillon region, and in Corsica where it’s called Malvoisie Précoce d’Espagne or Malvoisie à gros Grains. Vermentino is aromatic, and produces wines with delicate but very strong fragrances with a natural acidity that makes it suitable for aging. Fresh and particularly mineral on the palate, you can taste that typical salinity of the vineyards exposed to mistral wind that blows imposingly from the sea.